9 Points To Pay Attention To Building A Chicken House


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Next, livi machinery introduces the 9 points you need to pay attention to when building a chicken house.

1.Arrange chick, grower, and layer houses strictly from upwind to downwind.

2.Construct chicken houses in elevated and dry areas.

3.Gradually increase the height of chicken houses from front to back in the dominant wind direction by 5-10 centimeters to prevent obstruction.

4.The distance between chicken houses should not be less than 3 times the height of the open chicken house (highest point), or 2-2.5 times the height for enclosed chicken houses.

5.Orientation: Avoid building chicken houses along the north-south axis. In northern regions, south-facing orientation is preferred, with a slight deviation of 15 degrees east or west. In southern regions, eastward deviation is preferable. Greater flexibility in orientation deviation is allowed in northern regions. For example, in Beijing, a deviation of 45 degrees east or west is recommended, with a preference for a 45-degree eastward deviation facing south.

6.Proper Height: The height of chick houses should not be less than 2.8 meters, and layer houses should ideally be no less than 3 meters. The ground level of the chicken house should be at least 40 centimeters higher than the surrounding terrain.

7.Proper placement of ground and roof windows: Semi-open chicken houses for chicks should have ventilation ducts or ground windows of 30 centimeters in height and 50 centimeters in width. Layer houses should have ground windows of 50-90 centimeters in height and 120 centimeters in width. A plastic PIC exhaust pipe with a diameter of not less than 11 centimeters and a height of 150 centimeters should be installed at the highest point of each house. If conditions permit, connect the exhaust pipe to an electric ventilation fan in chick houses to utilize convection through ground and roof windows to mitigate the harmful gases. Such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide that are heavier than average air molecules.

8.Avoid planting tall trees around chicken houses to prevent interference from birds and impacts on ventilation.

9.The ideal size of a chicken house is a length of 60 meters, with 3 rows of houses. It match the planned chicken population – spacious rather than crowded. The size of chick houses and layer houses should be determined based on the intended poultry population and scientific density.

For example, if planning to raise 9,000 chicks to about 8 weeks of age and using three-tier chick cages, with a stocking density of 22-24 chicks per square meter. And considering 3 rows (2 rows 8 meters wide and 3 rows 11 meters wide, with the widest setting of 5 rows of cages, approximately 18 meters wide). With a house width of 11 meters, then the length would be calculated as (9,000 / 22-24) / 11 = 37.2-34.1 meters. So, the chick house would be approximately 38 meters wide and 11 meters long. Layer houses should also be matched to chick houses, ideally with 9,000 chickens per house.

For layer houses using 90 chickens in cage, preferably within 3 rows, the length would be calculated as follows:
(1) Determine the number of cages: 9,000 / 90 = 100 cages.
(2) Determine the number of cages per row: 100 / 3 = 33 ≈ 34 cages per row.
(3) Determine the length of the house, with each cage being 1.95 meters long, rounded to 2 meters: 34 × 2 = 68 meters.

Reality shows that longer layer houses not only increase management difficulty but also greatly reduce production efficiency.

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